Wanita di Medan Perang 1940-an

Bagi negara-negara yang terlibat secara langsung dalam Perang Dunia II, jumlah wanita sukarela adalah dalam jumlah yang besar bersama-sama lelaki.

Di rumah, wanita mengisi jawatan tradisional lelaki, melakukan kedua-dua kerja secara aktif dan bekerja di kilang-kilang, organisasi kerajaan, pembantu tentera dan banyak lagi.

Ramai wanita yang berada di barisan hadapan sebagai pejuang, kerana mendapati diri mereka mangsa kempen pengeboman dan menyerang tentera.

Menjelang akhir peperangan, lebih daripada 2 juta wanita yang telah bekerja dalam industri perang.

Beratus-ratus ribu telah menawarkan diri sebagai jururawat atau ahli unit pembelaan rumah, atau sebagai anggota tentera sepenuh masa.

Di Kesatuan Soviet sahaja, kira-kira 800,000 wanita berkhidmat bersama-sama dengan lelaki dalam unit tentera semasa perang.

Gambar yang dikumpul di sini adalah gambar beberapa wanita yang mempunyai pengalaman dan mengharungi peperangan.

Nota: Kebanyakan gambar adalah dari sumber asal dari tahun 1940-an

Symbolic of the defense of Sevastopol, Crimea, is this Russian girl sniper, Lyudmila Pavlichenko, who, by the end of the war,had killed a confrimed 309 Germans -- the most successful female sniper in history.

Filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl looks through the lens of a large camera prior to filming the 1934 Nuremberg Rally in Germany. The footage would be composed into the 1935 film "Triumph of the Will", later hailed as one of the best propaganda films in history

Japanese women look for possible flaws in the empty shells in a factory in Japan, on September 30, 1941. 

Members of the Women's Army Corps (WAC) pose at Camp Shanks, New York, before leaving from New York Port of Embarkation on Feb. 2, 1945. The women are with the first contingent of Black American WACs to go overseas for the war effort From left to right are, kneeling: Pvt. Rose Stone; Pvt. Virginia Blake; and Pfc. Marie B. Gillisspie. Second row: Pvt. Genevieve Marshall; T/5 Fanny L. Talbert; and Cpl. Callie K. Smith. Third row: Pvt. Gladys Schuster Carter; T/4 Evelyn C. Martin; and Pfc. Theodora Palmer.

Three Soviet guerrillas in action in Russia during World War II.

An Auxiliary Territorial Service girl crew, dressed in warm winter coats, works a searchlight near London, on January 19, 1943, trying to find German bombers for the anti-aircraft guns to hit.

The German Aviatrix, Captain Hanna Reitsch, shakes hands with German chancellor Adolf Hitler after being awarded the Iron Cross second class at the Reich Chancellory in Berlin, Germany, in April 1941, for her service in the development of airplane armament instruments during World War II. In back, center is Reichsmarshal Hermann Goering. At the extreme right is Lt. Gen. Karl Bodenschatz of the German air ministry.

More and more girls are joining the Luftwaffe under Germany's total conscription campaign. They are replacing men transferred to the army to take up arms instead of planes against the advancing allied forces. Here, German girls are shown in training with men of the Luftwaffe, somewhere in Germany, on December 7, 1944.

Specially chosen airwomen are being trained for police duties in the Women's Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF). They have to be quick-witted, intelligent and observant woman of the world - They attend an intensive course at the highly sufficient RAF police school - where their training runs parallel with that of the men. Keeping a man "in his place" - A WAAF member demonstrates self-defense on January 15, 1942.

The first "Women Guerrilla" corps has just been formed in the Philippines and Filipino women, trained in their local women's auxiliary service, are seen here hard at work practicing on November 8, 1941, at a rifle range in Manila.

Little known to the outside world, although they have been fighting fascist regimes since 1927, the Italian "Maquis" carry on their battle for freedom under the most hazardous conditions. Germans and fascist Italians are targets for their guns; and the icy, eternally snow-clad peaks of the French-Italian border are their battlefield. This school teacher of the Valley of Aosta fights side-by-side with her husband in the "White Patrol" above the pass of Little Saint Bernard in Italy, on January 4, 1945.

American film actress Veronica Lake, illustrates what can happen to women war workers who wear their hair long while working at their benches, in a factory somewhere in America, on November 9, 1943.

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